Did Sparta depend on the sea?

Did Sparta depend on the sea?

Unlike the Athenians, Spartans lived inland, so they had no access to the sea and no use for trading ships or a naval fleet. Near Sparta lived a group of people called the Messenians (also known as the Helots).

Who has the strongest sea power in the Peloponnesian War?

Athens emerged from the war as the strongest naval power in the Aegean and in the course of the following decades forged an empire with tributary territory in the Aegean, the mainland of Asia Minor and in Greece itself that made her one of the two great powers on the mainland.

Why did Sparta lose its power?

Sparta entered its long-term decline after a severe military defeat to Epaminondas of Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra. This was the first time that a full strength Spartan army lost a land battle.

What were Sparta disadvantages?

Sparta was weak because they had harsh military training for their young, they abused their children, and they lacked in education. Firstly, Sparta had harsh military training for their children. In Sparta, you were taken away at the age of 8 and you would stay in training until you are 21.

Is Athens or Sparta better?

Who is stronger Athens or Sparta? Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.

What are the advantages of Sparta?

What are the benefits of living in Sparta?

  • Strong land army, protection. Sparta advantage.
  • Women could own property. Sparta advantage.
  • Women had freedom. Sparta advantage.
  • Strength/training. Sparta advantage.
  • Possibly could make faster decisions.
  • Democracy.
  • Powerful, able to conquer.
  • Surrounded by hostile city-states.

What was good about Sparta?

Sparta was one of the most powerful city-states in Ancient Greece. It is famous for its powerful army as well as its battles with the city-state of Athens during the Peloponnesian War.

How did the war between Athens and Sparta happen?

Both Athens and Sparta fought a war of attrition. After Pericles died of the plague, Nicias took over and arranged a truce until the colorful Alcibiades persuaded the Athenians to attack the Greek city-states in Sicily. Athens’ strength had always resided in her navy, but much of the Athenian fleet was destroyed in this foolish campaign.

How did Sparta win the Second Peloponnesian War?

During the First Peloponnesian War, Athens had kept Sparta at bay by blockading the Peloponnese with its navy. During the Second Peloponnesian War, Darius of Persia supplied the Spartans with the capital to build a capable naval fleet. And so, Sparta won. Spartan Hegemony 404-371 B.C.

What was the major factor in Sparta’s victory?

A newly-created, large naval fleet — a major factor contributing to Sparta’s victory. Previously Athens had been as strong in its navy as Sparta had been weak.

How did Sparta lose its hegemony in Greece?

Richard Hooker’s page explaining the way the Spartans used their period of dominance in Greece to their disadvantage by engaging in an ill-advised alliance with the Persians and then by Agesilaus’ unprovoked attack on Thebes. The hegemony ended when Athens joined Thebes against Sparta. From The Ancient History Bulletin, by I.A.F. Bruce.