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How long did Cleopatra rule Egypt?
Cleopatra VII, often simply called “Cleopatra,” was the last of a series of rulers called the Ptolemies who ruled Egypt for nearly 300 years. She was also the last true pharaoh of Egypt.
What month was Cleopatra VII?
Death (30 BC) The early life of Cleopatra VII (r. 51 – 10 or 12 August 30 BC) of Ptolemaic Egypt began with her birth in early 69 BC to reigning pharaoh Ptolemy XII Auletes and her unknown mother (possibly Cleopatra V), and lasted until her accession to the throne by March 51 BC.
Who defeated Cleopatra VII?
At the Battle of Actium, off the western coast of Greece, Roman leader Octavian wins a decisive victory against the forces of Roman Mark Antony and Cleopatra, queen of Egypt.
How did Cleopatra VII became Pharaoh?
When Cleopatra was eighteen years old her father died. He left the throne to both her and her younger brother, Ptolemy XIII. Cleopatra and her ten-year-old brother were married and were to rule Egypt as co-rulers. Eventually he forced Cleopatra from the palace and took over as Pharaoh.
Is Cleopatra real?
Cleopatra, (Greek: “Famous in Her Father”) in full Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator (“Cleopatra the Father-Loving Goddess”), (born 70/69 bce—died August 30 bce, Alexandria), Egyptian queen, famous in history and drama as the lover of Julius Caesar and later as the wife of Mark Antony.
Why did Mark Antony lose to Octavian?
Most of the remainder of Antony’s infantry surrendered without any engagement at this stage of the conflict, and Antony’s cause was lost. Antony was forced to watch as his army and hopes of dominance in Rome were handed to Octavian. In honourable Roman tradition, Antony, on August 1, 30 BC, fell on his sword.
When did Cleopatra VII become ruler of Egypt?
c. 69 BCE – 12 Aug 30 BCE. Life of Cleopatra VII of Egypt . c. 51 BCE – c. 30 BCE. 300 Celts serve as elite bodyguards for Cleopatra VII during her reign. 51 BCE. Death of Cleopatra ‘s father, Ptolemy XII Auletes. 51 BCE. Cleopatra accepts her brother Ptolemy XIII as co-ruler. 49 BCE.
When did Cleopatra find out about Ptolemy XII’s death?
The Roman Senate, which viewed Ptolemaic Egypt as a client state, was not informed of the death of Ptolemy XII until 30 June or 1 August 51 BC. This was most likely an attempt by Cleopatra to suppress this information and consolidate power.
When did Cleopatra invite Antony to come to Egypt?
Cleopatra invited Antony to come to Egypt before departing from Tarsos, which led Antony to visit Alexandria by November 41 BC. Antony was well-received by the populace of Alexandria, both for his heroic actions in restoring Ptolemy XII to power and coming to Egypt without an occupation force like Caesar had done.
Who was the mother of Queen Cleopatra VII?
Cleopatra VII was born in 69 B.C. in Alexandria, Egypt to King Ptolemy XII Auletes. The identity of her mother is a mystery, but some have speculated that it may have been one of the King’s concubines or possibly his sister, Cleopatra V Tryphaena.