What are the rock formations at Stonehenge called?

What are the rock formations at Stonehenge called?

There are two types of stone at Stonehenge – the larger sarsen stones and the smaller ‘bluestones’. The sarsen stones are a type of silcrete rock, which is found scattered naturally across southern England.

Is Stonehenge sedimentary metamorphic or igneous?

The bluestone assemblage comprises a mix of igneous and sedimentary rocks typically weighing 2-3 tonnes, predominantly low-grade metamorphosed dolerites and rhyolitic tuffaceous rocks, but also strongly cleaved volcaniclastic rocks, as well as at least two different types of sandstone, one of which comprises the …

What is the formation of three stones at Stonehenge called?

The 18th-century antiquary William Stukeley was the first to coin the term trilithon, from the Greek for ‘three stones’, after which the word seems to have entered common usage in English. There are five trilithons at Stonehenge, which make up the inner horseshoe of sarsen stones.

When was the rock formation Stonehenge built?

Stonehenge is perhaps the world’s most famous prehistoric monument. It was built in several stages: the first monument was an early henge monument, built about 5,000 years ago, and the unique stone circle was erected in the late Neolithic period about 2500 BC.

Can you touch Stonehenge?

Stonehenge is protected under the Ancient Monuments and Archaelogical Areas Act and you must adhere to the regulations outlined in the act or face criminal prosecution. No person may touch, lean against, stand on or climb the stones, or disturb the ground in any way.

Why is Stonehenge special?

A World Heritage Site Stonehenge is the most architecturally sophisticated prehistoric stone circle in the world, while Avebury is the largest in the world. Together with inter-related monuments and their associated landscapes, they help us to understand Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and mortuary practices.

Where is Stonehenge located exactly?

Stonehenge, prehistoric stone circle monument, cemetery, and archaeological site located on Salisbury Plain, about 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England.

How many stones are used in Stonehenge?

Today, only 52 of the original ~80 sarsen stones remain at the monument. These include all 15 stones forming the central Trilithon Horseshoe, 33 of the 60 uprights and lintels from the outer Sarsen Circle, plus the peripheral Heel Stone, Slaughter Stone, and two of the four original Station Stones.

Why is Stonehenge not a henge?

Etymology. The word henge is a backformation from Stonehenge, the famous monument in Wiltshire. Stonehenge is not a true henge, as its ditch runs outside its bank, although there is a small extant external bank as well.

Can you see Stonehenge without paying?

You can absolutely visit for free, type in Willoughby Road, Larkhill, Salisbury into your sat Nav or google maps and drive to the bottom of that road where the Stonehenge sign is. The gravel road mentioned is open now. You can enter that road from A303 or Fargo Road. And you can park very close to Stonehenge.

How much does it cost to go inside Stonehenge?


Admission (off-peak/standard/peak) Opening times
Adult £19.50 / £21.10 / £22.80
Child (5-17) £11.70 / £12.70 / £13.70 9.30 – 17.00
Students/ seniors* £17.60 / £19.00 / No info 9.30 – 19.00
Family ticket† £50.70 / £54.90 / £59.30 9.30 – 17.00

What is the mystery of Stonehenge?

The origin of the giant sarsen stones at Stonehenge has finally been discovered with the help of a missing piece of the site which was returned after 60 years. A test of the metre-long core was matched with a geochemical study of the standing megaliths.

Where did the stones at Stonehenge come from?

The source of most of the sarsens is generally accepted as being on the Marlborough Downs, some 19 miles to the north, although new research on their origin is currently underway. When freshly worked, the surface of the sarsens would have appeared much brighter and whiter than the grey stones you see at Stonehenge today.

How old is the stone circle at Stonehenge?

The Stone Circle at Stonehenge has been standing since around 2500BC. Over the centuries, the stones have developed their own unique personalities and stories: some people see faces in the weathered sarsens, and the birds have favourite nooks to shelter in. Read on for some of our favourite stones that make up this iconic monument.

How big is the Bluestone stone at Stonehenge?

There great quantities of sarsens still lie across in the landscape, although their exact origin is not known. On average the sarsens weigh 25 tons, with the largest stone, the Heel Stone, weighing about 30 tons. Bluestone is the term used to refer to the smaller stones at Stonehenge.

How did the Sarsen at Stonehenge get its name?

This large sarsen gets its gruesome name from the over-active imagination of the Victorians. Originally standing upright at the entrance to Stonehenge and flanked by additional stones that are now missing, the surviving stone lies horizontally.