What destroyed the Minoan culture?

What destroyed the Minoan culture?

Volcanic explosion. Three and a half thousand years ago, the tiny Aegean island of Thera was devastated by one of the worst natural disasters since the Ice Age – a huge volcanic eruption. This cataclysm happened 100km from the island of Crete, the home of the thriving Minoan civilisation.

What destroyed the Mycenaean civilization?

Suggestions from scholars to explain the general collapse of the Mycenaean culture (and other contemporary ones in the Mediterranean) include natural disaster (earthquakes, volcanic explosions, and tsunami), overpopulation, internal social and political unrest, invasion from foreign tribes such as the Sea Peoples.

What caused the decline of the Minoan and the Mycenaean civilization?

The reasons for the slow decline of the Minoan civilization, beginning around 1550 BC, are unclear; theories include Mycenaean invasions from mainland Greece and the major volcanic eruption of Santorini.

Who destroyed Mycenaean?

Pharaoh Ramesses III
They caused widespread destruction in Anatolia and the Levant and were finally defeated by Pharaoh Ramesses III in c. 1175 BC. One of the ethnic groups that comprised these people were the Eqwesh, a name that appears to be linked with the Ahhiyawa of the Hittite inscriptions.

Why did the Minoan civilization collapse in Crete?

The eruption of the volcano of Thera happened around 1600 BCE and surely enough the tsunami that followed was the main reason behind the collapse of the Minoan civilization. Nevertheless Crete been a big island, had a chance to recover with the help of newcomers (or raiders) from mainland Greece.

What was the cause of the decline of the Mycenaean civilization?

It was even speculated that this natural disaster dated to 1200 to 1190 BCE could have been a contributing cause for the decline of the Mycenaean civilization, and later by others that this event was part of a 50-years-lasting ‘earthquake storm’ in the Eastern Mediterranean.

What did the Minoans do for a living?

The Minoans were enigmatic people; educated, warriors and merchants, artists, and experienced sailors. Their maritime empire was vast. They were the first in Europe to use a written language, referred to as Linear A, which was finally decoded just a few years ago.

Who was the king of the Mycenaean civilization?

Four years later Schliemann began excavation of the fabled city of Mycenae in southern Greece which, according to legend, had been ruled by King Agamemnon, the conqueror of Troy. One may also ask, who destroyed the Minoan civilization?