What effect did the Europeans have on the woodland Indians?

What effect did the Europeans have on the woodland Indians?

When the Europeans arrived they brought with them diseases unknown to the natives. The natives, having no immunity died from diseases that the Europeans thought of as commonplace. They also brought guns, alcohol and horses. The effect of these was to change the way of life for the Native Americans.

How did trade help the Woodland Indians survive and grow?

Eastern Woodland Indians survived on what they could hunt, gather, and grow. Still, everyone likes variety and new things, so, they set up trading arrangements with other groups both near and far. To get more variety in your food, you might trade salted fish for grains grown further south.

What did the Eastern Woodlands trade to the Europeans?

Eastern Woodland Native Americans commonly lived in wigwams or wickiups. Trade between the Europeans and the Natives was extremely popular. Native Americans would trade deer hides, and beaver pelts for European goods such as guns, knives, wool, silver, beads, and kettles.

What are the Eastern Woodlands Indians known for?

Because these Indians lived in the forests, they were called the Eastern Woodland Indians. Their food, shelter, clothing, weapons, and tools came from the forests around them. They lived in villages near a lake or stream. The Woodland Indians lived in wigwams and longhouses.

What caused many Native American tribes into tense relationships with each other?

Native Americans and Europeans sometimes clashed because Europeans wanted the Native Americans to convert to European religions. The Powhatan had a tense and confrontational relationship with British settlers. They forced the Native Americans to change their languages, religion, and customs.

What kind of homes did the native woodland peoples have?

The Woodland Indians lived in wigwams and longhouses. The Iroquois, Cherokee, and Mound Builders were important Woodland tribes.

What did the eastern woodland tribes use for money?

The word is a shortened form of wampumpeag, an Algonquin word meaning “white string of beads.” Wampum was used primarily by the Eastern Woodlands Indians, who came into contact with the European settlers during the early 1600s. The colonists adopted wampum as money, and helped broaden its circulation.

What religion did the Eastern Woodlands follow?

The Woodlands Native Americans worshipped the spirits of nature. They believed in a Supreme Being who was all-powerful. Shamanism was part of their religious practices. A shaman is a person who, while in a trance, can communi- cate with the spirits.

What animals live in the eastern woodlands?

Species include migratory birds on their journeys north and south, as well as year-round residents such as red northern cardinals, gray squirrels, black bears, white-tailed deer, raccoons, red foxes, and opossums. All of these species depend on the trees to provide them with food and shelter.

What are some fun facts about the Eastern woodlands?

eastern woodland indians

  • The Indians in the Eastern Woodland Culture lived east of the Plains Indians.
  • Longhouses were long rectangular homes.
  • The Iroquois built log walls all around their villages.
  • Some historians have portrayed the Iroquois as savages.
  • The kindness of the Iroquois is also talked about by historians.

What was the most common means for colonists to acquire Native American slaves quizlet?

How did European (especially English) colonists acquire Native American slaves during the early to mid-1600s? Why did the colonists ultimately resort to a workforce made up overwhelmingly of African American slaves? Wars offered the most common means for colonists to acquire Native American slaves.

What did the Eastern Woodlands Indians do for a living?

The Eastern Woodlands tribes that lived along the Atlantic Coast were the first native Americans that had contact with Europeans. Friendships were made; alliances forged; land deals struck; and treaties signed. But as settlers in increasing numbers encroached on tribal lands, conflicts arose.

What was the trade between the Iroquois and the Algonquians?

Tribal Relations. Even before the arrival of Europeans, trade between neighbouring Eastern Woodlands Algonquian groups was common. Beaver furs were very important in trade. There was also trade between the Iroquois and Algonquians. For example, the Nipissing weren’t farmers themselves, but they traded fish for Huron corn.

Why did the Europeans want to trade with the American Indians?

The desire to get European goods changed ancient trading patterns. The tradition of simple hunting for food began to become less important than getting animal hides to trade. Soon American Indians depended on European items for daily needs. Colonial traders also brought rum, and this drink caused many problems for some tribes.

What was the conflict in the Eastern Woodlands?

EASTERN WOODLANDS INDIANS. These conflicts were between white settlers and the Indians and between Indians and other Indians, as native inhabitants took sides in the conflicts. The Huron and some Algonquian groups allied themselves with the French. The fierce Iroquois League (made up of the Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga,…