What geographical features does Ecuador have?

What geographical features does Ecuador have?

Ecuador is comprised of four distinct geographical regions: el Oriente (Amazon jungle) in the east, la Sierra (Andes Mountains) in the center, la Costa (the Pacific coastal lowlands) in the west, and the majestic Galápagos Islands off the coast.

What is significant about the name Ecuador given its geographic location?

Ecuador is located in the western corner at the top of the South American continent. Ecuador is named after the Equator, the imaginary line around the Earth that splits the country in two. The high Andes Mountains form the backbone of the country. Cotopaxi in the Andes is the highest active volcano in the world.

What are the 4 geographical regions of Ecuador?

Ecuador has four distinct regions — the Pacific Coast, Galápagos Islands, Andes Mountains, and Amazon Jungle.

What is the Ecuador famous for?

Ecuador is famous for being home to the Galapagos Islands, but there is so much more to the fourth smallest nation in South America. From its historic links to the ancient Inca to unusual modern-day exports, here are 12 amazing things you didn’t know about Ecuador.

What is Ecuador’s nickname?

Quito’s nickname, “Luz de América” (“Light of America”), is based on its leading role in trying to secure an independent, local government.

What are 5 interesting facts about Ecuador?

Ecuador Facts: 10 Fascinating Things You Didn’t Know

  • Ecuador means “equator” in Spanish.
  • Yasuni Park is one of the most bio-diverse places on the planet.
  • The Galapagos Islands inspired the Theory of Evolution.
  • Chocolate has a long history in Ecuador.
  • Ecuador is where to find orchid flowers.

What is Ecuador’s largest city?

Santiago de Guayaquil
Guayaquil, in full Santiago de Guayaquil, largest city and chief port of Ecuador. It is situated on the west bank of the Guayas River, 45 miles (72 km) upstream from the Gulf of Guayaquil of the Pacific Ocean.

Is Ecuador a beautiful country?

Ecuador is an incredibly beautiful country, with nearly every type of dramatic landscape packed into its small area. There are world-famous beaches on the coast, which is always warm due to Ecuador’s location straddling the equator.

What is the poorest city in Ecuador?

Esmeraldas is a coastal city in the far north-west of Ecuador, near the Colombian border. It has a population of around 158,000. Most people live off agriculture, but tourism is also an important source of income. However, the region is one of the poorest in Ecuador: around 65 per cent live in poverty.

Which is the richest city in Ecuador?

Cuenca, Ecuador Cuenca’s urban population is 427,309, and it’s considered the beating economic heart of Ecuador. Most people work in logging, automobile manufacturing, textiles, eco-energy, or mining. In a cute twist, Cuenca is also famous for its flowers.

What countries surround Ecuador?

Ecuador is located on the west by the Pacific Ocean , and has 2,237 km of coastline. It has 2237 km of land boundaries, with Colombia in the north (708 km border) and Peru in the east and south (1,529 km border). 276,841 km 2 (106,889 sq mi) is land and 6,720 km 2 (2,595 sq mi) water.

Where does the Ecuador get its name?

The origin of the name of Ecuador is from Spain. “el ecuador” which translated means “the equator”. Located in San Antonio parish of the canton of Quito is the ” Ciudad Mitad del Mundo ” or “middle of the world city ” where a monument that was built to mark one of the two places where the equator divides the world into half.

What are the landforms in Ecuador?

Ecuador is divided into four regions: the coastal lowlands and mountains areas; the central Andes Mountains and its two major chains ( Cordillera Occidental in the west) and the ( Cordillera Oriental in the east ); the lower mountains that fade into rolling hills and lowlands of the east, and the territory…

Where in the world is Ecuador?

Ecuador is located on the northwestern side of the continent of South America. It shares a border with Columbia to the north and Peru to the east and south. The western side of the country is located on the Pacific Ocean. The equator passes through the country 24km (14.9 mi) north of the capital city Quito.