What plate boundary caused the Christchurch earthquake?

What plate boundary caused the Christchurch earthquake?

The fault, later named the Greendale Fault, appeared about 50 to 56 miles (80 to 90 km) southeast of the boundary between the Australian and Pacific tectonic plates, and part of the fault became visible at the surface because of the earthquake. Thousands of smaller aftershocks occurred in the months that followed.

Why did the 2011 Christchurch earthquake cause so much damage?

The Christchurch earthquake caused extensive damage to infrastructure and buildings. Multiple buildings collapsed, and the city was impacted by burst water mains, flooding, liquefaction and power outages. The port was damaged, and many roads cracked.

What fault line is Christchurch on?

The Darfield fault, which caused the September 2010 earthquake, is the one just to the west of Christchurch.

What was the impact of the Christchurch earthquake?

The increased liquefaction caused significant ground movement, undermining many foundations and destroying infrastructure, damage which “may be the greatest ever recorded anywhere in a modern city”. 80% of the water and sewerage system was severely damaged.

What plate does not have earthquake?

Antarctica has the least earthquakes of any continent, but small earthquakes can occur anywhere in the World.

Where are the major fault lines in New Zealand?

The North Island Fault System or North Island Dextral Fault Belt is a set of southwest–northeast trending seismically-active faults in the North Island of New Zealand that carry most of the dextral (right lateral) strike-slip component of the oblique convergence of the Pacific Plate with the Australian Plate.

When did the Christchurch earthquake happen?

February 22, 2011
2011 Christchurch earthquake/Start dates

What happened during the Kobe earthquake?

On January 17, 1995, a major earthquake struck near the city of Kobe, Japan, killing more than 6,000 and making more than 45,000 people homeless. The Kobe quake was a result of an east-west strike-slip fault where the Eurasian and Philippine plates interact.

What are the economic impacts of earthquakes?

Effects of an earthquake

Social impacts Economic impacts
Long-term impacts Disease may spread. People may have to be re-housed, sometimes in refugee camps. The cost of rebuilding a settlement is high. Investment in the area may be focused only on repairing the damage caused by the earthquake. Income could be lost.

What was the cause of the Christchurch earthquake in 2011?

The hidden fault that caused the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. In September 2010, Christchurch was shaken by the magnitude 7.1 Darfield earthquake, caused by movement along faults west of the city on the Canterbury Plains. This earthquake produced a visible rent across the landscape that allowed scientists to directly measure

What was the damage to Christchurch New Zealand?

The primary effects included: Christchurch, New Zealand’s second city, experienced extensive damage. 185 people were killed. 3129 people were injured. 6800 people received minor injuries. 100,000 properties were damaged and 10,000 were demolished by the earthquake. $28 billion of damage was caused.

Where was the fault that caused the Canterbury earthquake?

Based on data from GPS stations, satellite radar images, seismographs and strong-motion recorders, the fault that caused the 22 February earthquake lies within about six kilometres of the city centre, along the southern edge of the city.

How many people died in the New Zealand earthquake?

Outside of New Zealand, the earthquake became known as the “Christchurch Earthquake”, and it resulted in the deaths of 185 people and injuries of several thousand.