How did Catherine the Great improve administration?

How did Catherine the Great improve administration?

Taking up suggestions of various officials and mindful of the information and complaints offered by the deputies to the Legislative Commission (1767–68), Catherine shaped the local administration into a structure that remained in force until the middle of the 19th century and also served as a foundation for the …

What did Catherine the Great do to strengthen Russia?

As empress, Catherine westernized Russia. She led her country into full participation in the political and cultural life of Europe. She championed the arts and reorganized the Russian law code. She also significantly expanded Russian territory.

Why did Catherine the Great Reform Russia?

The Pugachev Rebellion of 1774-1775 gained huge support in Russia’s western territories until it was extinguished by the Russian army. Catherine realised her heavy reliance on the nobility to control the country and instigated a series of reforms giving them greater control over their land and serfs.

What was Catherine the Great’s enlightened contribution to Russia?

Catherine believed in Enlightenment political thought. She reformed the strong and powerful bureaucracy Peter the Great established. Her Nakaz or “Instruction” expressed her political ideals. She wrote this for her Legislative Commission, summoned in 1767 to draft a Code of Laws for Russia.

What was the tsarist motto?

Orthodoxy, Autocracy and Nationality
“Orthodoxy, Autocracy and Nationality” became the Uvarov family motto, decreed by Nicholas.

Did they burn serfs with smallpox?

Smallpox invaded both palaces and slums, killing kings and peasants, czars and serfs, sultans and slaves throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa.

What bad things did Catherine the Great do?

Of all the many criticisms levelled against her, four stand out: that she usurped the Russian throne from her husband; that she was irredeemably promiscuous, preying on a succession of ever younger men; that she masqueraded as an enlightened monarch while doing little to ameliorate the suffering of the poor; and that …

How did Catherine the Great treat peasants?

While she eliminated some ways for people to become serfs, culminating in a 1775 manifesto that prohibited a serf who had once been freed from becoming a serf again, she also restricted the freedoms of many peasants.

What marked the end of Russian monarchy?

The abdication of Nicholas II on March 15, 1917, marked the end of the empire and its ruling Romanov dynasty.

When was serfdom finally abolished in Russia?

A 1907 painting by Boris Kustodiev depicting the muzhiks listening to the proclamation of the Emancipation Manifesto in 1861In 1861 serfdom, the system which tied the Russian peasants irrevocably to their landlords, was abolished at the Tsar’s imperial command.

How many died in the Russian plague?

The Russian plague epidemic of 1770–1772, also known as the Plague of 1771, was the last massive outbreak of plague in central Russia, claiming between 52,000 and 100,000 lives in Moscow alone (1/6 to 1/3 of its population).

What was the first human vaccine?

Edward Jenner is considered the founder of vaccinology in the West in 1796, after he inoculated a 13 year-old-boy with vaccinia virus (cowpox), and demonstrated immunity to smallpox. In 1798, the first smallpox vaccine was developed.