How did Nauru gain independence?

How did Nauru gain independence?

Nauru was finally set free from the Japanese on 13 September 1945, when Captain Solda, the commander of all the Japanese troops on Nauru, surrendered the island to the Royal Australian Navy and Army.

What was Nauru before?

Pleasant Island
Nauru (/nɑːˈuːruː/ nah-OO-roo or /ˈnaʊruː/ NOW-roo; Nauruan: Naoero), officially the Republic of Nauru (Nauruan: Repubrikin Naoero) and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country and microstate in Oceania, in the Central Pacific.

Why is Nauru the fattest country in the world?

Nauru is the world’s fattest country, with an average BMI of 34 to 35. Located in the south Pacific it is the smallest island nation, with a population of less than 10,000. Obesity has grown as a result of the importation of Western foods paid for with proceeds from phosphate mining.

Is Nauru part of Australia?

Britain, Australia and New Zealand were given a joint League of Nations Mandate over Nauru in 1920, but the island was administered by Australia. It was governed by Australia as a United Nations Trust Territory after World War II. In 1968, Nauru became an independent sovereign nation.

What is the world’s smallest island nation?

It’s the world’s smallest island nation Measuring just eight square miles, Nauru is larger than just two other countries: the Vatican City and Monaco.

Is Nauru a rich country?

Nauru – Poverty and wealth Nauru’s phosphate wealth has made it one of the richest countries in the Pacific and, on a per capita basis, one of the richest countries in the world. Revenues from phosphate mining provide an extensive system of social support for Nauruan citizens.

What is the world’s smallest island country?

How does Nauru make money?

The sale of commercial fishing licenses began to bring in a steady revenue during the 1990s. Phosphate has been mined on Nauru since 1907. For decades it was Nauru’s main resource and sole export, dominating the island’s economy, and its quality was the highest in the world.

What is the number 1 obese country?

Ranking (% obesity by country)

# Country % obesity
1 Nauru 59.85
2 American Samoa 58.75
3 Cook Islands 53.97
4 Palau 53.15

Which country is most overweight?

Here are the 10 most obese countries by obesity rate:

  • Nauru (61.00%)
  • Cook Islands (55.90%)
  • Palau (55.30%)
  • Marshall Islands (52.90%)
  • Tuvalu (51.60%)
  • Niue (50.00%)
  • Tonga (48.20%)
  • Samoa (47.30%)

Where does Australia send illegal immigrants?

Australian immigration detention facilities comprise a number of different facilities throughout Australia (including one on the Australian territory of Christmas Island).

What are the 3 largest islands in the world?

The Largest Islands in the World

  • Greenland (836,330 sq miles/2,166,086 sq km)
  • New Guinea (317,150 sq miles/821,400 sq km)
  • Borneo (288,869 sq miles/748,168 sq km)
  • Madagascar (226,756 sq miles/587,295 sq km)
  • Baffin (195,928 sq miles/507,451 sq km)
  • Sumatra (171,069 sq miles/443,066 sq km)

Who was the first country to gain independence from Nauru?

In the years leading to its independence, Nauru had been ruled and governed by a number of nations. Towards the end of the 19th century, Nauru was colonized by Germany. The Germans soon discovered Nauru’s huge phosphorus reserves and started mining its natural resources.

When did the United Nations take over Nauru?

At war’s end in 1945 fewer than 600 Nauruans remained on the island and a quarter of the Nauruan people had died. The United Nations put Nauru under a “trusteeship” of Australia, Britain, and New Zealand, with Australia once again administering the island.

When did Nauru become a member of the Pacific Community?

After the war ended, the country entered into United Nations trusteeship. Nauru gained its independence in 1968, and became a member of the Pacific Community (SPC) in 1969. Nauru is a phosphate-rock island with rich deposits near the surface, which allowed easy strip mining operations.

When did Nauru become part of the Marshall Islands?

After an agreement with Great Britain, Nauru was annexed by Germany in 1888 and incorporated into Germany’s Marshall Islands Protectorate for administrative purposes. The arrival of the Germans ended the civil war, and kings were established as rulers of the island.