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How did Philip II form alliances with other countries?
Philip secured an alliance with England in 1557 to allow him use of the Channel unhindered by the English. With this guarantee he ordered the Duke of Savoy to launch a major offensive against the French. He had an army of 70,000 men drawn from Spain and her territories.
What impact did Philip II have on Europe?
Upon becoming King of Spain, Philip II was the ruler of one of the largest empires the world had ever seen. During his long life, he attempted to expand the power of Spain, centralize the government, and protect the Catholic Church against Protestant reformers.
What was King Philip the second known for?
Synopsis. King Philip II of Spain, also known as Philip the Prudent, ruled one of the world’s largest empires. His reign as Spain’s king began the Golden Age, a period of great cultural growth in literature, music and the visual arts. He was also the King of England through his marriage to Mary Tudor for four years.
What did Philip II of Spain conquer?
The Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire and of the Philippines, named in his honor by Ruy López de Villalobos, were completed during his reign. Under Philip II, Spain reached the height of her influence and power, sometimes called the Spanish Golden Age, and ruled territories in every continent then known to Europeans.
How did Philip II of Spain deal with the Turks?
Until the late 1570s the threat from the Turks rivaled in importance the problems of the Netherlands. Philip switched his limited resources from the Low Countries to the Mediterranean and back again, unable to achieve a decisive victory in either theatre.
What was the outcome of King Philip’s War?
King Philip was hung, beheaded, drawn and quartered. His head was placed on a spike and displayed at Plymouth colony for two decades. King Philip’s death effectively ended the war, although clashes continued throughout New England until the Treaty of Casco was signed in 1678.
Why was King Charles and King Philip II of Spain at odds?
Both King Charles and his son Philip II failed to abide by the elective (contractual) nature of the Crown of Navarre, and took the kingdom for granted. This sparked mounting tension not only with King Henry II and Queen Jeanne III of Navarre, but also with the Parliament of the Spanish Navarre ( Cortes,…
What did Philip II of England do as a child?
As a child, Philip sometimes received secret memoranda from his father reminding him of the responsibility he bore as his father’s successor and warning him to be wary of advisers. Charles gradually increased Philip’s responsibilities as he aged. In 1540 Charles gave the duchy of Milan to Philip.