# How do you find the minimum and maximum Zener current?

## How do you find the minimum and maximum Zener current?

The minimum zener current will occur when the load current is maximum. If R = 43.5 Ω is inserted in the circuit, the output voltage will remain constant over the regulating range. As the load current IL decreases, the zener current IZ will increase to such a value that IZ + IL = 110 mA.

## What are the steps in calculating Zener diode?

How to Calculate Zener Diodes

1. Determine the maximum and minimum load current (Li), for example 10 mA and 0 mA.
2. Determine the maximum supply voltage that may develop, for example a 12 V level, also ensuring that the minimum supply voltage is always = 1.5 V + Vz (the zener voltage rating).

How do you calculate the power of a Zener diode?

Power is calculated by multiplying current by voltage (P=IE), so we can calculate power dissipations for both the resistor and the Zener diode quite easily: A Zener diode with a power rating of 0.5 watts would be adequate, as would a resistor rated for 1.5 or 2 watts of dissipation.

### What is the application of a Zener diode?

Zener diodes are used for voltage regulation, as reference elements, surge suppressors, and in switching applications and clipper circuits. The load voltage equals breakdown voltage VZ of the diode. The series resistor limits the current through the diode and drops the excess voltage when the diode is conducting.

### What is the main use of Zener diode?

Because of this property, Zener diodes are widely used as constant-voltage devices. A Zener diode permits Zener current, Iz, to flow when the voltage is above the specified Zener voltage. Thus, a Zener diode can be used for voltage detection by sensing Zener current with some other device.

What is the current in Zener diode?

Current : The current, IZM, of a Zener diode is the maximum current that can flow through a Zener diode at its rated voltage, VZ. Typically there is also a minimum current required for the operation of the diode….Zener diode specifications.

Zener Diode Voltage Values in E24 Range
4.3 4.7 5.1
5.6 6.2 6.8
7.5 8.2 9.1

#### How is the power of a Zener diode calculated?

A Zener diode is an electronic component used in DC voltage regulator circuits. The power rating of a Zener diode indicates the maximum power that the diode can safely dissipate. In the formula below, power equals the voltage multiplied by the current.

#### Why is it important to know the Zener voltage?

IZM is the maximum current that can flow through the diode, and PZM is the diode’s maximum power dissipation, and VZ is the Zener voltage. Knowing the maximum current that can flow through the Zener diode is important, because exceeding its power rating can damage or destroy the component.

What is the maximum current of a Zener?

Maximum working current is given as 133mA. Test current at working voltage is 37 mA. (Somewhere, I found) The Zener will get damaged if it works continuously at maximum working current. The engineer often has to handle pulses and short durations of high power, and the maximum figure is for those usages.

## How to determine RS and RL for zener diode 1n4736a?

For deciding Rs and RL, I need to know Izmax and Izmin of the zener diode 1N4736A used. From this data sheet, There are different current specifications available. Maximum working current is given as 133mA. Again test current at working voltage is 37 mA. Somewhere, I found if zener works continuously at maximum working current, it will get damaged.