In which soil does gram grow?

In which soil does gram grow?

Black gram can be grown on variety of soils ranging from sandy soils to heavy cotton soils. The most ideal soil is a well drained loam with pH of 6.5 to 7.8. Black gram cannot be grown on alkaline and saline soils. Land is prepared like any other kharif season pulse crop.

What type of a crop is Gram?

(ii) Rabi Crops : The crops grown in the winter season (October to March) are called rabi crops. Examples of rabi crops are wheat, gram, pea, mustard and linseed. Besides these, pulses and vegetables are grown during summer at many places.

Which type of soil is required for the growth of red gram plant?

deep loam soils
Red gram can be grown in almost all soil types that are not very poor in lime and are not subjected to waterlogging. Optimum growth and yield are obtained in deep loam soils. Red gram can be grown as mixed crop with groundnut, paddy or tapioca or as a pure crop.

In which climate gram is grown?

Gram is the most important of all the pulses and accounts for 37 per cent of the production and 28.28 per cent of the total area of pulses in India. It can be grown in a wide range of chmatic conditions but it prefers mild cool and comparatively dry climate with 20°-25°C temperature and 40-50 cm rainfall.

In which season does gram grow?

The main season for sowing horse gram is late August-November. As a fodder crop it is sown during June-August. In Tamil Nadu, it is sown in September-November. In Maharashtra, horse gram is sown as a kharif crop, mixed with bajra or sometimes Niger and also in the Rabi in rice fallows.

What are the 2 types of germination?

There are two types of germination:

  • Epigeal Germination: In this type of germination, the hypocotyl elongates rapidly and arches upwards pulling the cotyledons which move above the soil.
  • Hypogeal Germination: In this type of germination, the epicotyl elongates and the cotyledons remain below the soil.

What is kharif crop example?

The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet/bajra, finger millet/ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc.

Which fertilizer is best for Tur?

For raising an ideal crop it is required to apply about 25-30 kg N, 50-75 kg P2O5, 30 kg K2O (if the soil is poor in K) and 10-15 kg ZnSo4 in one hectare area. The entire dose of fertilizer should be basal placed at a depth of 12 to 15 cm or 7 to 10 cm below the seed layer in the same row.

Which fertilizer is best for red gram?

Fertilizers should be applied on soil test basis. Generally, it is recommended to apply 10 to 12 Kg nitrogen (N), 20 to 30 Kg phosphorous (P) and 12 to 18 Kg potassium (K) per acre as basal dose. sulphate @ 10 Kg/acre in soil at the time of sowing.

Are pulses kharif or Rabi?

Pulse crops are cultivated in Kharif, Rabi and Zaid seasons of the Agricultural year. Rabi crops require mild cold climate during sowing period, during vegetative to pod development cold climate and during maturity / harvesting warm climate. Summer pulses are habitants of warm climate.

In which month is Gram harvested?

Sowing. The kharif crop is sown in June to July, and the rabi crop in September or October. The spring crop is to be sown by 15 February and harvested by the middle of May. The summer crop is sown by 15 April.

What month is rice harvested?

It is known as Winter Rice or Kharif Rice as per the harvesting time. The sowing time of winter (kharif) rice is June-July and it is harvested in November-December. About 84% of the country’s rice crop is grown in this season and generally, medium to long duration varieties are grown.

What kind of soil is good for green gram plants?

Prepare the Soil. The green gram plants can be grown on a wide range of soil types. But well-drained, loamy to sandy-loam soils is considered good for growing green gram. Saline and water logged soils are not good for green gram cultivation.

What’s the best way to plant green gram seeds?

Green gram seeds germinate best when planted 1 to 2 inches deep in moist soil. One seed every 3 inches in rows 18 to 24 inches apart provides an adequate crop yield. The seeds are sown at 2 cm depth with a plant to plant spacing of about 10 cm and 30 cm between rows. In case if you miss this: Black Gram Seed Germination Procedure.

Which is the best fertilizer for growing green gram?

Try to remove the weeds from the field while preparing the soil. Apply all the fertilizers while ploughing or tilling the soil. For commercial production, apply about 10-12 kg urea and 80-100 kg super phosphate per acre while preparing the soil.

How often do you need to water green gram plants?

Irrigate at intervals of 6 to 9 days depending upon climatic conditions and soil type. Irrigation must be provided at flowering & pod formation stages. Make sure soil has proper drainage and avoid water logging at all stages of plant growth.