Table of Contents
- 1 What are the causes of seed dormancy?
- 2 What are the three types of seed dormancy?
- 3 What three factors are required for a seed to break dormancy and germinate?
- 4 What are the two types of seed dormancy?
- 5 How do you get rid of seed dormancy?
- 6 What are the 5 factors that affect seed germination?
- 7 What is dormancy in a seed?
- 8 What is the first organ to emerge from a germinating seed?
- 9 What are methods of breaking dormancy of seed?
- 10 Why is it important for seed to have dormancy?
What are the causes of seed dormancy?
Sometimes, dormancy is caused by inhibiting chemicals inside the seed. Seeds with seed coat dormancy can remain on/in the ground without germinating until the seed coat allows water and oxygen to enter the seed or eliminate the inhibiting chemicals.
What are the three types of seed dormancy?
There are three types of dormancy based on their mode of action: physical, physiological and morphological. There have been a number of classification schemes developed to group different dormant seeds, but none have gained universal usage.
What are 3 factors that affect seed germination?
Environmental factors such as temperature, light, pH, and soil moisture are known to affect seed germination (Chachalis and Reddy 2000; Taylorson 1987). Burial depth of seed also affects seed germination and seedling emer- gence.
What three factors are required for a seed to break dormancy and germinate?
Seeds remain dormant or inactive until conditions are right for germination. All seeds need water, oxygen, and proper temperature in order to germinate. Some seeds require proper light also. Some germinate better in full light while others require darkness to germinate.
What are the two types of seed dormancy?
There are two different categories of seed dormancy: exogenous and endogenous (Scarification). Exogenous dormancy is caused by conditions outside of the seed’s embryo. An example of exogenous dormancy is when the seed coat is too durable for moisture to infiltrate, effectively preventing germination.
What are the disadvantages of seed dormancy?
There are many disadvantages to seed dormancy. Dormancy prevents prompt and uniform emergence of seedlings; interferes with planting schedules; contributes to “volunteering” of crops; and causes problems to the seed analyst.
How do you get rid of seed dormancy?
Treatments to Overcome Seed Dormancy
- Mechanical Scarification.
- Hot Water Scarification.
- Drop into hot water (77 to 100oC), remove from heat, allow to cool and soak for 24 hours.
- Acid Scarification.
- Seeds, in small batches, are brought into contact with 93% Technical Grade sulphuric acid.
- Warm Moist Scarification.
What are the 5 factors that affect seed germination?
Several variables might affect the germination, these variables include light, temperature, water, soil type, and air quality.
What are the 4 factors that triggers seed germination?
There are four environmental factors that affect seed germination: Water, Light, Oxygen, and Heat.
What is dormancy in a seed?
Seed dormancy is the state in which seed is unable to germinate, even under ideal growing conditions (Merriam-Webster). Because dormancy can be broken by most ideal growing conditions (different and specific for each species), the seeds germinate when they are the most likely to flourish.
What is the first organ to emerge from a germinating seed?
The primary root, or radicle, is the first organ to appear when a seed germinates. It grows downward into the soil, anchoring the seedling. In gymnosperms and dicotyledons (angiosperms with two seed leaves), the radicle becomes a taproot. It grows downward, and secondary roots grow laterally from it to…
What are two advantages of seed dormancy?
In temperate zones, the dormancy of seeds helps the plants to tide over severe cold which may be injurious for their vegetative and reproductive growth. In tropical regions, the dormancy of seeds resulting from their impermeable seed coats ensures good chances of survival during water stress.
What are methods of breaking dormancy of seed?
Methods to Break Seed Dormancy Stratification of Seeds. Some seeds contain germination inhibitors that break down when exposed to cold temperatures. Breaking Dormancy With Light. Scarification of the Seed Coat. Soaking and Specialized Watering Requirements. Multiple Requirements for Dormancy Break.
There are many disadvantages to seed dormancy. Dormancy prevents prompt and uniform emergence of seedlings; interferes with planting schedules; contributes to “volunteering” of crops; and causes problems to the seed analyst. Classification of Types of Dormancy
Why is it important for seed to have dormancy?
An important function of seed dormancy is delayed germination , which allows dispersal and prevents simultaneous germination of all seeds. The staggering of germination safeguards some seeds and seedlings from suffering damage or death from short periods of bad weather or from transient herbivores ; it also allows some seeds to germinate when competition from other plants for light and water might be less intense.
What causes seeds to become dormant?
Reasons or Causes of the Seed Dormancy Light Temperature Hard Seed Coat Period after ripening Germination inhibitors Immaturity of the seed embryo Impermeability of seed coat to water Impermeability of seed coat to oxygen Mechanically resistant seed coat Presence of high concentrate solutes