What are the different types of photodetectors?

What are the different types of photodetectors?

Common Types of Photodetectors

  • p-n Photodiodes.
  • p-i-n Photodiodes.
  • Avalanche Photodiodes.
  • MSM Photodetectors.

What is the basic principle of photo diode?

A photodiode is a semiconductor p-n junction device that converts light into an electrical current. The current is generated when photons are absorbed in the photodiode….Photodiode.

Type Passive
Working principle Converts light into current
Pin configuration anode and cathode
Electronic symbol

What is the most common use of photo diode?

Explanation: Photodiodes are used in consumer electronics devices such as compact disc players, smoke detectors, medical devices and the receivers for infrared remote control devices used to control equipment from televisions to air conditioners.

What is a photo diode Class 12?

Definition: A semiconductor (special type of p-n junction) device that converts light energy into electrical energy. When a light incident on the p-n junction diode, it creates electron-hole pairs that increase the conductivity in the circuit. Photodiodes are very sensitive to the incident light.

What are the two main types of photo detectors?

Various types of photodetector have been discussed, including thermal detectors and photon (quantum) detectors. Of the latter type, photoconductive and photovoltaic detectors were discussed in more detail.

What are the components of photo detectors?

Grouped by mechanism, photodetectors include the following devices:

  • Photoemission or photoelectric.
  • Semiconductor.
  • Photovoltaic.
  • Thermal.
  • Photochemical.
  • Polarization.
  • Graphene/silicon photodetectors.

Is zener a diode?

A Zener diode is a silicon semiconductor device that permits current to flow in either a forward or reverse direction. The diode consists of a special, heavily doped p-n junction, designed to conduct in the reverse direction when a certain specified voltage is reached.

Is photo diode active or passive?

Photo diode is a passive device.

Which biasing is used in photo diode?

reverse bias
A) When the diode is reverse biased, no ordinary current flows and the detection of the photo-current is much easier.

What is the principle of photo detector?

Photodetection converts an optical signal into a signal of another form. Most photodetectors convert optical signals into electrical signals that can be further processed or stored. All photodetectors are square-law detectors that respond to the power or intensity, rather than the field amplitude, of an optical signal.

How do photo detectors work?

In a photodetector, the incident light is converted into voltage or current. Examples of photodetectors are photodiodes and phototransistors. Working principle of photodetectors is similar to that of the solar cells, in which the incident solar energy is converted into electrical energy.

What are the important parameters of photo detectors explain?

Photodetectors are characterized by certain key parameters. Among them are spec- tral response, photosensitivity, quantum efficiency, dark current, forward-biased noise, noise equivalent power, terminal capacitance, timing response (rise time and fall time), frequency bandwidth, and cutofffrequency.

How are the different types of photodiode used?

There are four types of photodiodes and they are: PN photodiode: The first photodiode to be developed was PN photodiode. This photodiode finds application in many instances. Within the depletion area, the detection of the photo takes place. This photodiode is used in low light applications as the diode doesn’t require reverse bias.

What is the symbol for a photodiode junction diode?

Photodiode symbol The symbol of photodiode is similar to the normal p-n junction diode except that it contains arrows striking the diode. The arrows striking the diode represent light or photons. A photodiode has two terminals: a cathode and an anode.

How are photo diodes used in the electronics industry?

Photo diode technology has many applications within the electronics industry. Photo diodes are used as light sensing photo detectors in many applications ranging from CD / DVD drives to optical communications and burglar alarms to general light sensing.

What makes a photodiode different from other solar cells?

Photodiodes may contain optical filters, built-in lenses, and may have large or small surface areas. Photodiodes usually have a slower response time as their surface area increases. The common, traditional solar cell used to generate electric solar power is a large area photodiode.