What are the side effects of chloroform?

What are the side effects of chloroform?

Summary of Health Effects Local effects following inhalation of chloroform include shortness of breath and irritation of the nose and throat. Acute inhalation can cause systemic effects such as, excitement, nausea and vomiting followed by ataxia, dizziness, drowsiness.

How does chloroform affect the brain?

In humans, large amounts of chloroform can affect the central nervous system (brain), liver and kidneys. Breathing high levels for a short time can cause fatigue, dizziness, and headache. Large amounts of chloroform can cause sores (lesions) when the chloroform touches your skin.

Does chloroform have lasting effects?

Chronic (long-term) exposure to chloroform by inhalation in humans has resulted in effects on the liver, including hepatitis and jaundice, and central nervous system effects, such as depression and irritability.

How quickly does chloroform affect the brain?

It takes at least five minutes of inhaling an item soaked in chloroform to render a person unconscious. Most criminal cases involving chloroform also involve another drug being co-administered, such as alcohol or diazepam, or the victim being found to have been complicit in its administration.

How long does a person stay unconscious?

What are the long term effects of being knocked unconscious? It depends on the severity of the injury. If you lose consciousness briefly, and suffer a concussion, 75 to 90 percent of people will fully recover in a few months. But severe damage to the brain can cause unconsciousness for days, weeks, or even longer.

How much chloroform is bad?

The toxic dose of chloroform is 7 to 25 mg/dL (0.59 to 2.1 mmol/L). At inhaled concentrations of less than 1500 ppm, physical effects of dizziness, tiredness, and headache are reported; anesthesia occurs at a range of 1500 to 30,000 ppm. Chloroform causes irritation to the respiratory tract.

How do you wake up someone who is unconscious?

Rescue breathing

  1. Tilt the person’s head back and lift their chin to open up the airway.
  2. Pinch the person’s nose closed and cover their mouth with a CPR face mask, creating an airtight seal.
  3. Give two 1-second breaths and watch for their chest to rise.

What are the effects of chronic exposure to chloroform?

toxicity has been reported following chronic ingestion of chloroform. Following acute dermal exposure to chloroform, local effects may include irritation and redness.

Where does chloroform metabolize in the human body?

Almost all tissues are capable of metabolising chloroform, the highest levels of metabolism occur in the liver, kidney and nasal mucosa.[3]. Chloroform is excreted via the lungs unchanged or in the form of the metabolite carbon dioxide, with small amounts of either detectable in the urine and faeces. [2].

How can lower cholesterol levels cause memory loss?

How they can cause memory loss: Drugs that lower blood levels of cholesterol may impair memory and other mental processes by depleting brain levels of cholesterol as well. In the brain, these lipids are vital to the formation of connections between nerve cells — the links underlying memory and learning.

What are the side effects of memory loss?

As a result, major side effects can include memory loss, confusion, delusions, hallucinations, drowsiness and compulsive behaviors such as overeating and gambling. Alternatives: If you are being treated for RLS, ask your doctor or pharmacist whether one of your prescription or over-the-counter medications may be the trigger.