What contains a 5 carbon sugar?

What contains a 5 carbon sugar?

Ribose, also called D-ribose, five-carbon sugar found in RNA (ribonucleic acid), where it alternates with phosphate groups to form the “backbone” of the RNA polymer and binds to nitrogenous bases.

What is a 5 carbon sugar called?

Ribose is a single-ring pentose [5-Carbon] sugar.

Which of the following is a 5 carbon sugar quizlet?

The sugar found in RNA (as opposed to deoxyribose in DNA). Ribose is a 5-carbon sugar, and has one more oxygen on it than deoxyribose does. At the center of each RNA nucleotide is a 5 carbon sugar – ribose sugar, attached to that is the phosphate group & a nitrogenous bases.

Is deoxyribose a 5 carbon sugar?

Each nucleotide is composed of a nitrogenous base, a five-carbon sugar (deoxyribose), and a phosphate group. There are four nitrogenous bases in DNA, two purines (adenine and guanine) and two pyrimidines (cytosine and thymine).

What is a 5 carbon?

In chemistry, a pentose is a monosaccharide (simple sugar) with five carbon atoms. The chemical formula of all pentoses is C. 5H. 10O.

Does DNA have 6 carbon sugars?

The sugar is deoxyribose in DNA and ribose in RNA. The purines have a double ring structure with a six-membered ring fused to a five-membered ring. Pyrimidines are smaller in size; they have a single six-membered ring structure. The sugar is deoxyribose in DNA and ribose in RNA.

Does DNA have a 5-carbon sugar?

Components of DNA DNA is a polymer. The monomer units of DNA are nucleotides, and the polymer is known as a “polynucleotide.” Each nucleotide consists of a 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose), a nitrogen containing base attached to the sugar, and a phosphate group.

Is the five carbon sugars found in DNA?

What are the 2 types of pyrimidines?

The pyrimidines in DNA are cytosine and thymine; in RNA, they are cytosine and uracil.

Is glucose a 5 carbon sugar?

Those with 3-7 carbon atoms are the most important for mammalian metabolism. Glyceraldehyde and dihydroxyacetone are trioses (3-carbon atoms), ribose is a pentose (5-carbon atoms), while glucose, fructose, and galactose are hexoses (6-carbon atoms) (Fig.

What sugar is found in DNA?

The sugar in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is deoxyribose. The deoxy prefix indicates that the 2′ carbon atom of the sugar lacks the oxygen atom that is linked to the 2′ carbon atom of ribose (the sugar in ribonucleic acid, or RNA), as shown in Figure 5.2.

Is glucose a 5-carbon sugar?

What is 6 carbon sugar?

A six-carbon sugar is an example of a molecule that can join with other molecules to form a carbohydrate such as starch or cellulose. The basic unit of carbohydrate is monosaccharide. A six carbon sugar would be an example of a monosaccharide. And it can join with other simple sugars (monosaccharides) to form polysaccharides,…

Is DNA 5 carbon sugar?

DNA is found in the nucleus of a cell (nuclear DNA) and in mitochondria (mitochondrial DNA). It has two nucleotide strands which consist of its phosphate group, five-carbon sugar (the stable 2-deoxyribose), and four nitrogen-containing nucleobases: adenine, thymine , cytosine , and guanine.

Is RNA 5 carbon sugar?

The sugar found in RNA is ribose, whereas the sugar found in DNA is deoxyribose, both of which are 5-carbon sugars. Both types of sugars are important components of nucleotides.

What is a 5 carbon sugar molecule?

A 5-carbon sugar (ribose or deoxyribose) forms the central molecule in a nucleotide. By convention, the carbon atoms in the sugar are numbered from the original carbonyl position on the chain using a number plus the prime symbol (‘).