Table of Contents
What did Plato censor?
Plato was particularly interested in education and the arts on public display. His argument was that these things must be rigidly controlled and censored, lest people get evil ideas and thus degrade the body politic. Plato’s call for censorship for the common good began with his critique of religion.
Is Plato’s Republic fiction?
The events are almost certainly fictional, or semi-fictional. The dramatic context at the beginning of the dialogue (Socrates going to Piraeus) has imagery in the philosophical discussion that unfolds later on.
Why did Plato criticize art?
Plato had two theories of art. According to this theory, since art imitates physical things, which in turn imitate the Forms, art is always a copy of a copy, and leads us even further from truth and toward illusion. For this reason, as well as because of its power to stir the emotions, art is dangerous.
Who coined the term mimesis?
The word “mimesis” is derived from the Ancient Greek word meaning “imitation” or “representation” in common parlance, but the continued use and definition of mimesis today is due to the philosophers Plato and Aristotle.
Why do Plato despise democracy?
Plato rejected Athenian democracy on the basis that such democracies were anarchic societies without internal unity, that they followed citizens’ impulses rather than pursuing the common good, that democracies are unable to allow a sufficient number of their citizens to have their voices heard, and that such …
What are the 3 classes in Plato’s Republic?
Guardian. Plato divides his just society into three classes: the producers, the auxiliaries, and the guardians. The guardians are responsible for ruling the city. They are chosen from among the ranks of the auxiliaries, and are also known as philosopher-kings.
What is the main point of Plato’s Republic?
Plato’s strategy in The Republic is to first explicate the primary notion of societal, or political, justice, and then to derive an analogous concept of individual justice. In Books II, III, and IV, Plato identifies political justice as harmony in a structured political body.
What did Plato say about art?
Plato, on this picture, believes that art perverts and corrupts: being simply “imitation”, it makes us attached to the wrong things – things of this world rather than eternal Forms – and depicts vile and immoral behavior on the part of the gods and humans as if it were normal or admirable.
What are the three assumptions of art?
Three assumptions on art are its universality, its not being nature, and its need for experience. Without experience, there is no art. The artist has to be foremost, a perceiver who is directly in touch with art.
What is Plato’s idea of mimesis?
Plato and Aristotle spoke of mimesis as the re-presentation of nature. According to Plato, all artistic creation is a form of imitation: that which really exists (in the “world of ideas”) is a type created by God; the concrete things man perceives in his existence are shadowy representations of this ideal type.
What is Plato’s concept of mimesis?
For Plato mimesis is the appearance of the external image of things. In his view, reality was not to be found in the world of the objects but in the realm of the Ideas. Therefore, Plato sees in the arts an occupation that is inferior to science and philosophy, but that is also a potential source of corruption.
What did Plato say about democracy?
Plato believes that the democratic man is more concerned with his money over how he can help the people. He does whatever he wants whenever he wants to do it. His life has no order or priority. Plato does not believe that democracy is the best form of government.
What did Plato say about censorship in the Republic?
Censorship is the subject of several dialogues in The Republic, the major work of Greek philosopher Plato. His stance is perhaps summarized in Book II of The Republic by the phrase that ” literature may be either true or false “, i.e. true stories and fictions, Plato objects to the fictions as false. In book Book II…
What did Plato say in book Book 2?
In book Book II of The Republic Plato expresses his concern on the effect of these fictions on the young person :
What did Plato mean by a good society?
1. To have a good society, we must have good citizens. 2. To have good citizens, children must be well educated. 3. To be well educated, children must be exposed to good material and shielded from bad material [386a]. 4. So, to have a good society, children must be exposed to good material and shielded from bad material.
What did Plato say about politicians lying to the citizens?
(Meanwhile, Plato allows that politicians (and only politicians) ought to be allowed to lie to their citizens [389b-c].) * A strong and moral man will not grieve the death of a friend by moaning and wailing like a woman — but poets regularly have their characters issue long, pathetic lamentations [387d-388d].