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What did the common school movement accomplish?
The common schools movement was the effort to fund schools in every community with public dollars, and is thus heralded as the start of systematic public schooling in the United States. Schools were free, locally funded and governed, regulated to some degree by the state, and open to all White children.
What were the accomplishments of the education reform movement?
Some of Mann’s most notable achievements include the establishment of Normal schools (teacher’s colleges for training), the inclusion of character education in public schools, and the view that education has the ability to equalize opportunities among children in poverty.
Who is the father of common school movement?
Horace Mann, often called the Father of the Common School, began his career as a lawyer and legislator. When he was elected to act as Secretary of the newly-created Massachusetts Board of Education in 1837, he used his position to enact major educational reform.
Who was the leader of the education reform movement?
Horace Mann was an American politician and education reformer, best known for promoting universal public education and teacher training in “normal schools.”
Who was the leader of the common school movement?
The Common School Movement and Compulsory Education. In 1837, Horace Mann became the first secretary of the State Board of Education for Massachusetts. According to most accounts, this event marks the beginning of the common school era. 1 Mann led the fight to institute common schools, and his influence extended from New England…
Where did the common school reform movement start?
The reform movement began in Massachusetts when Horace Mann (May 4, 1796–August 2, 1859) started the common-school movement. Mann served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1827–1833 and the Massachusetts Senate from 1834–1837.
Why was compulsory education important to the common school movement?
As was the case with public education, the reformers gave numerous reasons in support of compulsory education. Immigration, education as a prerequisite for democracy, and the supposed evil of private schools were still offered. Now, the argument of misfit parents was added to the list of reasons.
Is the common school movement an uncontested movement?
However, the emergence of a system of public schools across the nation was neither an inevitable nor an uncontested movement. Moreover, its survival into the future may prove to be as problematic as was its development in the past. From the earliest days of American settlement, education has been a concern.