What instrument is used for a bronchoscopy?

What instrument is used for a bronchoscopy?

The most common instruments used with flexible bronchoscopes are flexible biopsy forceps and cytology or microbiology brushes. Small grasping forceps and folding retrieval baskets are also available but have limited usefulness, especially in pediatric patients.

What will a bronchoscopy show?

Common reasons for needing bronchoscopy are a persistent cough, infection or something unusual seen on a chest X-ray or other test. Bronchoscopy can also be used to obtain samples of mucus or tissue, to remove foreign bodies or other blockages from the airways or lungs, or to provide treatment for lung problems.

What is fiberoptic bronchoscopy?

A fiberoptic bronchoscopy is a procedure that allows your physician to examine the breathing passages (airways) of the lungs. This procedure can either be for diagnostic reasons, to find out more about a problem or for therapeutic reasons, to treat an existing problem.

How long does it take to recover from bronchoscopy?

Your Recovery Bronchoscopy lets your doctor look at your airway through a tube called a bronchoscope. Afterward, you may feel tired for 1 or 2 days. Your mouth may feel very dry for several hours after the procedure. You may also have a sore throat and a hoarse voice for a few days.

What are the risks of a bronchoscopy?

What are the risks of bronchoscopy?

  • Bleeding.
  • Infection.
  • Hole in the airway (bronchial perforation)
  • Irritation of the airways (bronchospasm)
  • Irritation of the vocal cords (laryngospasm)
  • Air in the space between the lung covering (pleural space) that causes the lung to collapse (pneumothorax)

How long do you cough up blood after bronchoscopy?

Tell the nurse if you have any chest pain, difficulty breathing, or notice a large amount of blood (more than one tablespoon) in your sputum. It is normal to cough after a bronchoscopy and there may be a small amount of blood in your sputum for a few days.

What is the most common complication during a bronchoscopy?

Key Info

  • Bronchoscopy can help detect infections, tumors, and bleeding in the lungs.
  • For people who have undergone lung transplant, bronchoscopy is used to monitor organ rejection.
  • Complications from bronchoscopy are rare. The most common complication is bleeding from the biopsy site.

What is the complications of bronchoscopy?

Mechanical complications of fiberoptic bronchoscopy include oro- or nasopharyngeal, vocal cord, and airway trauma as well as bronchospasm, laryngospasm, pulmonary derecruitment/atelectasis, pneumothorax, airway hemorrhage, and introduction or exacerbation of infection.

What are the contraindications of bronchoscopy?


  • Acute respiratory failure with hypercapnia (unless the patient is intubated and ventilated)
  • High-grade tracheal obstruction.
  • Inability to adequately oxygenate the patient during the procedure.
  • Untreatable life-threatening arrhythmias.

What are the dangers of a bronchoscopy?

Very rare but potentially life-threatening risks of bronchoscopy include heart attack and lung collapse. A collapsed lung can be due to a pneumothorax, or increased pressure on your lung due to the escape of air into the lining of your lung.

Is coughing normal after bronchoscopy?

You may have a sore throat, feel hoarse, and have a tickle in your throat or a dry cough for a day or two. This is normal and usually gets better quickly. Using cough drops or gargling with warm salty water can help. You may have a fever for 4 to 5 hours after your bronchoscopy.

What can go wrong with a bronchoscopy?

Complications from fiber optic bronchoscopy remain extremely low. Common complications may include shortness of breath, a drop in oxygen level during the procedure, chest pain, and cough. In addition, if a lung biopsy is necessary, it may cause leakage of air called a pneumothorax and/or bleeding from the lung.

Is the bronchial tree the same as the trachea?

The tubes that make up the bronchial tree perform the same function as the trachea: they distribute air to the lungs. The alveoli are responsible for the primary function of the lungs, which is exchanging carbon dioxide and oxygen.

What are the branches of the tracheobronchial tree?

The tracheobronchial tree from the carina down to the respiratory bronchioles is supplied by bronchial arteries, branches of the descending aorta. There are usually two bronchial arteries on the left and a single bronchial artery on the right.

Where does the trachea come from in the body?

The trachea is supplied by tracheal arteries, branches of the inferior thyroid artery and bronchial arteries. The tracheobronchial tree from the carina down to the respiratory bronchioles is supplied by bronchial arteries, branches of the descending aorta.

How is a Flexible bronchoscopy used to examine the trachea?

Flexible bronchoscopy: An endoscope (flexible tube with a lighted camera on its end) is passed through the nose or mouth into the trachea. Using bronchoscopy, a doctor can examine the trachea and its branches. Rigid bronchoscopy: A rigid metal tube is introduced through the mouth into the trachea.