What is an ionic bond in simple terms?

What is an ionic bond in simple terms?

Ionic bond, also called electrovalent bond, type of linkage formed from the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions in a chemical compound. Such a bond forms when the valence (outermost) electrons of one atom are transferred permanently to another atom.

What does an ionic bond do?

Ionic bonding is the complete transfer of valence electron(s) between atoms. It is a type of chemical bond that generates two oppositely charged ions. In ionic bonds, the metal loses electrons to become a positively charged cation, whereas the nonmetal accepts those electrons to become a negatively charged anion.

What is an ionic bond kid definition?

Ionic bonding occurs when one element donates an electron (or electrons) to another so that both elements will have a full outer shell.

What kind of force is present in ionic bonds?

Ionic compounds exhibit electrostatic intermolecular forces that form strong bonds with other ionic species. Covalent compounds exhibit van der Waals intermolecular forces that form bonds of various strengths with other covalent compounds.

Which bond is stronger than ionic bond?

Ionic bonds are stronger than covalent bonds, because there is a stronger attraction between ions that have opposite charges, which is why it takes a lot of energy to separate them. Covalent bonds are bonds that involve the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.

What makes an ionic bond?

Ionic bonds are a type of electrostatic bond between two atoms that is weaker than covalent bonds, but usually stronger than hydrogen bonds or the van der Waals force, which is what holds water to itself. They are formed from the mutual attraction of ions. Typical participants in an ionic bond are a metal and a non-metal,…

Is an ionic bond a stable bond?

Key Points. Ionic bonds are formed through the exchange of valence electrons between atoms, typically a metal and a nonmetal. The loss or gain of valence electrons allows ions to obey the octet rule and become more stable. Ionic compounds are typically neutral . Therefore, ions combine in ways that neutralize their charges.

How do you describe an ionic bond?

ionic bond. (ī-ŏn’ĭk) A chemical bond formed between two ions with opposite charges. Ionic bonds form when one atom gives up one or more electrons to another atom. These bonds can form between a pair of atoms or between molecules and are the type of bond found in salts.