What is military terrain?

What is military terrain?

An advantage of terrain occurs when military personnel gain an advantage over an enemy using, or simply in spite of, the terrain around them. The term does not exclusively apply to battles, and can be used more generally regarding entire campaigns or theaters of war.

What is a key terrain in military terms?

In military doctrine, key terrain refers to areas which, if seized, afford an advantage to an attacker or defender. Key terrain might include a hill that overlooks a valley an enemy wants to control or a crossing point over a river that must be traversed before launching an attack.

What acronym is useful to identify the five military aspects of terrain?

The connection between the terrain and tactics should be analyzed considering the military aspects of terrain. These aspects are identified in the acronym OCOKA.

What is terrain analysis in military?

Military terrain analysis is ‘the collection, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of geographic information on the natural and man-made features of the terrain, combined with other relevant factors, to predict the effect of the terrain on military operations’ (DoD, 2010).

What is decisive terrain?

Decisive terrain is key terrain whose seizure and retention is mandatory for successful mission accomplishment (FM 3-90). Decisive terrain is relatively rare; it is not necessarily present in every situation. Unlike key terrain, decisive terrain is not associated with any COA.

What are the types of concealment?

Natural concealment includes such things as bushes, grass, trees, and shadows. If possible, natural concealment should not be disturbed. Man-made concealment includes such things as battle-dress uniforms, camouflage nets, face paint, and natural material that has been moved from its original location.

How do I know what key my terrain is in?

When identifying “Key Terrain”, a tactical commander can look at a map and readily recognize land features that can provide advantage or disadvantage for a particular maneuver operation. These structures can be within friendly, neutral or adversary space.

What is Bamcis used for?

BAMCIS is a sequence of events which tactical unit leaders use to plan most tactical operations. The troop-leading steps are a tool meant to aid leaders in making tactically sound decisions, formulate plans, coherently communicate those plans, and turn those decisions into action.

What three things must leaders consider when analyzing terrain army?

The planner must consider the terrain, the weather, the SITTEMP, current obstacle intelligence, friendly movement capabilities, the optimal sites for ABF and SBF positions, friendly and enemy weapon systems capabilities, and any other information relevant to the operation.

What is the meaning of terrain analysis?

Terrain analysis is defined as the study of the nature, origin, morphological history and composition of land forms, the result of which is a land form or land component map.

What are the 4 types of offensive operations?

The four types of offensive operations are movement to contact, attack, exploitation, and pursuit. Commanders direct these offensive operations sequentially and in combination to generate maximum combat power and destroy the enemy.

What are the principles of concealment?

Concealment is protection from observation or surveillance from hostile air and ground observation, but not from hostile fire. Both cover and concealment are divided into two main categories: natural and artificial. Natural cover includes small hills, ditches, rocks or vegetation.

How is terrain analysis used in military training?

This training also entails field analysis of the role that military terrain played in historic battles. One of the training activities utilized by the U.S. Army for nearly a century is the staff ride. As noted in the Staff Ride Handbook for the Vicksburg Campaign, “since the early twentieth century, officers of the U.S. Army have honed their

Which is the best example of military terrain?

Examples include fortifications sited on high points with a cleared field of fire, and lookout towers. Some of the variables that can have an effect on observation are topography, vegetation, urban development, and the effects of the battle on conditions. 216. Dr.

What are the two categories of military obstacles?

Obstaclesare natural or manmade terrain features that prevent, restrict, divert, or delay military movement. There are two categories of obstacles: existing and reinforcing. The presence and difficulty of obstacles determine whether terrain is unrestricted, restricted, or severely restricted.

Which is an example of an ocoka Military Terrain Analysis?

The American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP), for example, is currently utilizing OCOKA military terrain analysis to update documentation of the nation’s battlefields initiated in the 1993 Civil War Sites Advisory Commission Report on the Nation’s Civil War Battlefields.