What was the greenback party quizlet?

What was the greenback party quizlet?

The Greenback party (also called the National Greenback party) was organized in 1876 to campaign for expansion of the supply of paper money—”greenbacks”—first issued by the federal government in 1862 to help pay for the Civil War.

Who did the greenback party run for president?


Presidential candidate Party Running mate
Vice-presidential candidate
James A. Garfield Republican Chester A. Arthur
Winfield S. Hancock Democratic William H. English
James B. Weaver Greenback Labor Barzillai J. Chambers

Did the greenback party want inflation?

Simply stated, the agrarian and debtor interests wanted to keep the greenbacks in circulation and even urged that more be printed. Such a move would likely generate inflation, which was regarded as a favorable event since it would be easier to pay of debts with “cheap” money.

How did greenbacks affect farmers?

why did the the retiring of greenbacks cause issues? farmers who borrowed money had to pay back loans in dollars that are now worth more than the dollars they originally had borrowed. in the 1880s farmers were overextended with debts and loans and railroad construction was expanding.

What was the main goal of the greenback party quizlet?

Who used greenbacks?

Greenbacks were paper currency fiat money issued by the United States during the American Civil War that were printed in green on the back. They were in two forms: Demand Notes, issued in 1861–1862, and United States Notes, issued in 1862–1865.

What happened to greenbacks?

As the government issued hundreds of millions in greenbacks, their value against gold declined. By spring of 1863, the greenback declined further, to 152 against 100 dollars in gold. However, after the Union victory at Gettysburg, the greenback recovered to 131 dollars to 100 in gold.

Why did people want greenbacks?

During the Civil War, the federal government issued “greenback” paper money to keep a sufficient amount of currency in circulation. This action stabilized the currency, increased its value and upset many middle and working-class people in the United States. Many of them were in debt to various companies.

What was the program of the Greenback Labor Party?

The Greenback Labor Party program included the coinage of silver on a par with gold, an adequate supply of money, the taxing of government bonds, a maximum eight-hour day, the introduction of graduated income tax and opposition to railroad land grants.

When did the Greenback Party start and end?

The Greenback Party (known successively as the Independent Party, the National Independent Party, and the Greenback Labor Party) was an American political party with an anti-monopoly ideology which was active between 1874 and 1889. The party ran candidates in three presidential elections, in 1876, 1880, and 1884, before it faded away.

Who was the Greenback Labor Party candidate for president in 1876?

Its main support came from farmers who were suffering from declining farm prices, high railroad rates and the government’s deflationary currency policies. Peter Cooperwas the party’s presidential candidate in 1876 but he won only 81,737 votes and was easily beaten by Rutherford Hayes(4,036,298) and Samuel Tilden(4,300,590).

Why are the new US bills called greenbacks?

The new United States Notes were popularly known as “greenbacks” due to the vibrant green ink used on the reverse side of the bill. A dual currency system emerged in which this fiat money circulated side by side with ostensibly gold-backed currency and gold coin, with the value of the former bearing a discount in trade.