What were the accomplishments of the Hohokam people?

What were the accomplishments of the Hohokam people?

During this time, they achieved remarkable successes. The Hohokam are probably most famous for their creation of extensive irrigation canals along the Salt and Gila rivers. In fact, the Hohokam had the largest and most complex irrigation systems of any culture in the New World north of Peru.

What were the accomplishments of the Hohokam and the Anasazi?

Corn and cotton were cultivated with ever more extensive irrigation systems. A major technological achievement was the casting of copper bells in wax molds. The Classic Period of Hohokam culture is notable for the peaceful intrusion of the Salado tribe, a branch of the Ancestral Pueblo (Anasazi) culture.

What did the hohokams do?

The Hohokam used the waters of the Salt and Gila Rivers to construct an assortment of simple canals, combined with weirs, in their various agricultural pursuits. From 800 to 1400 CE, they used extensive irrigation networks that rivaled the complexity of those used in the ancient Near East, Egypt, and China.

What did the Hohokam do in order to farm?

The canal systems allowed the Hohokam to farm corn, cotton, beans, tobacco and squash. They were skilled farmers and would manage the soil to replace lost nutrients. The well-designed irrigation systems allowed the Hohokam to produce two harvests each year.

What language did the Hohokam speak?

Pima, North American Indians who traditionally lived along the Gila and Salt rivers in Arizona, U.S., in what was the core area of the prehistoric Hohokam culture. The Pima, who speak a Uto-Aztecan language and call themselves the “River People,” are usually considered to be the descendants of the Hohokam.

What destroyed the Hohokam society?

A persistent drought, lasting from about 1130-1180 CE, decimated Anasazis’ crops, while a major flood in 1358 destroyed the Hohokam irrigation system. These disasters led the Ancestral Pueblos to hold spiritual ceremonies, praying to their gods for a bountiful harvest and good weather.

Why was farming difficult for the Hohokam?

The sudden disappearance of the Hohokam between 1400 and 1450 CE is a puzzle. Archaeologists speculate that maintenance of the canals was difficult and sediment accumulated over the centuries. Farmers were forced to abandon old canals and move further from the river, increasing the technological challenge to farming.

Where did Hohokam go?

The Hohokam peoples occupied a wide area of south-central Arizona from roughly Flagstaff south to the Mexican border. They are thought to have originally migrated north out of Mexico around 300 BC to become the most skillful irrigation farmers the Southwest ever knew.

What destroyed the Hohokam society quizlet?

A persistent drought, lasting from about 1130-1180 CE, decimated the Anasazi crops, and a major flood in 1358 destroyed the Hohokam irrigation system.

What did the Hohokam people do in Arizona?

The Hohokam people occupied the valley and much of southern Arizona from A.D. 1 to 1450. Michael Hampshire’s rendering of the large platform mound at Pueblo Grande on the north bank of the Salt River. The Hohokam were farmers who grew corn, beans, squash and agave.

What kind of Technology did the Hohokam use?

Perhaps as early as A.D. 50, these early inhabitants introduced a new technology, canal irrigation. This technology would eventually give form to the unique prehistoric culture of southern Arizona known as the Hohokam.

What kind of houses did the Hohokam Indians build?

Later, the low circular mounds were replaced by much larger, rectangular “platform mounds” of earth, rock, and adobe covered with structures and courtyards built on top. Hohokam villages are remarkable in the ancient Southwest for their stability.

What did Hohokam people wear on their arm?

Shell bracelets are a common artifact type found on Hohokam sites including Mesa Grande. Crafted by removing the center of a clam shell, the bracelets were typically worn by men on their upper left arm. Shells with designs etched into them with a mild acid represent one of the earliest examples of this advanced technology.