Which is considered the most important hardware element of computers?

Which is considered the most important hardware element of computers?

The most important piece of hardware is the microprocessor chip, which is commonly known as the central processing unit (CPU). New and slim laptop computers merge the traditional CPU and the graphics processing chip (GPU) into what is called accelerated processing unit (APU).

Which of the following computer components is the most important part of any modern computer?

The most important part of any modern computer system that controls the other parts of the computer. The main memory of a computer that can be quickly accessed by the CPU and where the computer stores data and instructions that it is actively using.

Is memory a hardware or software?

Computer hardware is the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the monitor, mouse, keyboard,computer data storage, hard disk drive (HDD), graphic cards, sound cards, memory, motherboard, and so on, all of which are physical objects that are tangible.

Why is managing memory one of an operating systems most important tasks?

Why is managing memory 1 of an O.S. most important tasks? The O.S. can use multiprocessing to split tasks among the processors. With multiprocessing each processor can work on a different task at the same time.

What are the 10 major hardware components of a computer system?


  • Monitor.
  • Motherboard.
  • CPU(Microprocessor.
  • Main memory(RAM)
  • Expansion cards.
  • Power supply unit.
  • Optical disc drive.
  • Hard disk drive (HDD).

What are the 10 parts of computer?

10 Parts that make up a Computer

  • Memory.
  • Hard Drive or Solid State Drive.
  • Video card.
  • Motherboard.
  • Processor.
  • Power Supply.
  • Monitor.
  • Keyboard and Mouse.

Which part is most important in computer?

So here we go – here’s a list of the most common parts in your computer, and what each one does when you play a computer game.

  • Graphics Card. Your graphics card is arguably the most important part of a gaming computer build.
  • CPU.
  • Memory.
  • Storage.
  • Motherboard.
  • Power Supply.
  • Optical Drive.
  • Cooling.

How does an operating system act as a memory manager?

In operating systems, memory management is the function responsible for managing the computer’s primary memory. The memory management function keeps track of the status of each memory location, either allocated or free. It tracks when memory is freed or unallocated and updates the status.

How does an operating system manage memory?

Memory management is the functionality of an operating system which handles or manages primary memory and moves processes back and forth between main memory and disk during execution. Memory management keeps track of each and every memory location, regardless of either it is allocated to some process or it is free.

Which is the most common type of computer hardware?

PC hardware, such as a desktop computer, is the most common type of IT hardware purchased by a small business. The cost of hardware depends on its specification , which in turn is determined by some key components.

What kind of memory does a memory chip hold?

Memory chips can hold memory either temporarily through random access memory (RAM), or permanently through read only memory (ROM). Read only memory contains permanently stored data that a processor can read but cannot modify. Memory chips comes in different sizes and shapes. Some can be connected directly while some need special drives.

What kind of memory is in a computer?

Memory chips are essential components in computer and electronic devices in which memory storage plays a key role. Dynamic random access memory (DRAM) chips: Also known as volatile memory chips because they lose memory once the power supply is removed.

What are the main components of a computer?

Computer hardware components and specifications. 1 Central processing unit. The processor is the driver of the computer. Processors are usually differentiated by speed, measured in gigahertz (GHz). The 2 Random access memory (RAM) 3 Hard disk. 4 Peripherals.