Which of the following structures pass through the inguinal canal of a female?

Which of the following structures pass through the inguinal canal of a female?

Function. The structures which pass through the canals differ between males and females: in males: the spermatic cord and its coverings + the ilioinguinal nerve. in females: the round ligament of the uterus + the ilioinguinal nerve.

What is located in the female inguinal canal?

In females, the inguinal canal contains the ilioinguinal nerve and the round ligament of the uterus.

What passes through inguinal canal?

The contents of the inguinal canal in males consist of the spermatic cord (with the genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve) and the ilioinguinal nerve. For females, the contents include the round ligament, genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve, and the ilioinguinal nerve.

What nerve passes through the inguinal canal?

There are two known nerves that pass within the structures of the inguinal canal. These nerves are the ilioinguinal and the genitofemoral nerves. [1] A third nerve, iliohypogastric nerve, supply sensation to the skin above the genitalia does not pass through the inguinal canal.

Is groin for male or female?

The groin area is located at the same place in men and women—at the junction where the upper body or abdomen meets the thigh.

What forms the floor of the inguinal canal?

The floor of the inguinal canal is the inguinal ligament, otherwise known as the Poupart ligament, which is formed by the external oblique aponeurosis as it folds over and inserts at the ASIS down to the pubic tubercle. This folded edge is called the shelving edge and is important for surgeons in hernia repairs.

Why inguinal hernia is common on right side?

Indirect hernias are more common on the right side because of delayed descent of the right testicle. Hernias are present on the right side in 60% of patients, on the left in 30%, and bilaterally in 10% of patients.

What is the difference between a direct and indirect inguinal hernia?

Direct inguinal hernias are often caused by age-related stress and weakened muscles in the inguinal canal. Indirect inguinal hernias are caused by a persistent opening that does not close during fetal development. The only way to repair an inguinal hernia is through surgery.

Why inguinal hernia is more common in males?

Although it can occur in men and women, it is much more common in men. This is because the male testicle starts inside the abdomen and has to go down through an opening in the groin area to reach the scrotum (the sac that holds the testicles). If this opening does not close at birth, a hernia develops.

Where is the inguinal canal located in the human body?

The inguinal canal. The inguinal canal (Figs 4.7–4.9) is a slit-like space in between the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall, above the medial half of the inguinal ligament. It contains the spermatic cord and the ilioinguinal nerve in the male and the round ligament of the uterus and the ilioinguinal nerve in the female.

Is the spermatic cord the same as the inguinal canal?

Inguinal canal in males. In the simplest form, the male inguinal canal contains only the spermatic cord in addition to the same nerves found in the female inguinal canal. However, the spermatic cord contains several layers of fascia, and houses several arteries, nerves, and other reproductive structures.

How are viscera pushed into the inguinal canal?

During periods of increased intra-abdominal pressure, the abdominal viscera are pushed into the posterior wall of the inguinal canal. To prevent herniation of viscera into the canal, the muscles of the anterior and posterior wall contract, and ‘clamp down’ on the canal.

How are the walls of the inguinal canal collapsed?

The walls of the inguinal canal are usually collapsed around their contents, preventing other structures from potentially entering the canal and becoming stuck. A hernia is defined as the protrusion of an organ or fascia through the wall of a cavity that normally contains it.