Who discovered ozone hole first?

Who discovered ozone hole first?

The discovery of the Antarctic “ozone hole” by British Antarctic Survey scientists Farman, Gardiner and Shanklin (first reported in a paper in Nature in May 1985) came as a shock to the scientific community, because the observed decline in polar ozone was far larger than anyone had anticipated.

Where was ozone hole found for the first time?

But in the early 1980s, through a combination of ground-based and satellite measurements, scientists began to realize that Earth’s natural sunscreen was thinning dramatically over the South Pole each spring. This thinning of the ozone layer over Antarctica came to be known as the ozone hole.

Which country has the biggest hole in the ozone layer?

The hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica is one of the largest and deepest in the past 15 years, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has said. The ozone hole over Antarctica usually starts to grow in August and reaches its peak in October, The Associated Press explained.

Is the ozone hole permanent?

Scientists have found evidence that the hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica is finally beginning to heal. If progress continues, it should be closed permanently by 2050.

Is there still a hole in the ozone layer 2020?

The record-breaking 2020 Antarctic ozone hole finally closed at the end of December after an exceptional season due to naturally occurring meteorological conditions and the continued presence of ozone depleting substances in the atmosphere.

Which country has no ozone layer?

Antarctica, where ozone depletion has been most severe due to very low temperatures is expected to recover much more slowly. It’s projected that Antarctic ozone concentrations will only begin to approach 1960 levels by the end of the century.

Is there still a hole in the ozone layer 2021?

This year’s Antarctic ozone hole is already among the 25% largest in recorded history and is still growing. The 2021 ozone hole over Antarctica is among the 25% largest in recorded history. (Image credit: Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service, ECMWF.) A giant ozone hole has opened up over Antarctica this year.

Is there a hole in the ozone layer 2021?

Despite the hole’s size this year, the ozone layer is still on a long-term path to healing. This data map shows the ozone hole in blue over the Antarctic on Sept. 16, 2021.

Why is ozone bad?

How is Ozone Harmful? When inhaled, ozone can damage the lungs. Relatively low amounts can cause chest pain, coughing, shortness of breath and throat irritation. Ozone may also worsen chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma and compromise the ability of the body to fight respiratory infections.

How big is the ozone hole today?

The 2020 ozone hole grew rapidly from mid-August and peaked at around 24 million square kilometres in early October. It now covers 23 million km2, above average for the last decade and spreading over most of the Antarctic continent.

Why is there no ozone layer in Australia?

The stratospheric ozone layer absorbs the biologically damaging wavelengths of ultraviolet (UV) rays but in the 1970s, Australia’s ozone layer was severely thinned as a consequence of heavy use of ozone-depleting, substances such as chloroflurocarbons (CFCs) and hydro-chloroflurocarbons (HCFCs).

Is there no ozone layer in Canada?

The ozone layer over southern Canada has thinned by an average of about 7% since the 1980s. In the late 1990s, average ozone depletion in the summer over Canada was between 3% and 7%. Ozone depletion in Canada is usually greatest in the late winter and early spring. Large Antarctic ozone holes continue to occur.