Who led the battle of El Alamein?

Who led the battle of El Alamein?

Marshal Erwin Rommel
On July 1, 1942, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel is brought to a standstill in the battle for control of North Africa. The First Battle of El Alamein begins. In June, the British had succeeded in driving Rommel into a defensive position in Libya.

Who led the British and Americans at the Battle of El Alamein?

First Battle of El Alamein
Italy Germany United Kingdom India New Zealand Australia South Africa
Commanders and leaders
Erwin Rommel Ettore Bastico Claude Auchinleck

Why was the Battle of El Alamein so important?

The Battle of El Alamein, fought in the deserts of North Africa, is seen as one of the decisive victories of World War Two. The Allied victory at El Alamein lead to the retreat of the Afrika Korps and the German surrender in North Africa in May 1943.

Who won the Battle of Alam el Halfa?


Battle of Alam el Halfa
Date 30 August – 5 September 1942 Location Near El Alamein, Egypt 30°40′N 29°10′E Result British victory
United Kingdom New Zealand Germany Italy
Commanders and leaders

What happened to El Alamein?

Fought near the western frontier of Egypt between 23 October and 4 November 1942, El Alamein was the climax and turning point of the North African campaign of World War Two (1939-45). The Axis army of Italy and Germany suffered a decisive defeat by the British Eighth Army.

How was El Alamein a turning point in the war?

It ended the long fight for the Western Desert, and was the only great land battle won by the British and Commonwealth forces without direct American participation. The victory also persuaded the French to start cooperating in the North African campaign.

Where is ruweisat Ridge?

Western Egyptian desert
Ruweisat Ridge is a geographical feature in the Western Egyptian desert, midway between the Mediterranean Sea and the Qattara Depression. During World War II was a prominent part of the defence line in the First and Second Battle of El Alamein.

How did El Alamein impact ww2?

What was the reason for the Second Battle of El Alamein?

With Rommel on the defensive, Montgomery took this time to build up a sizeable army in preparation for a new offensive, the Second Battle of El-Alamein. The British had built a defensive line at El-Alamein because the Qattara Depression to the south was impassable to mechanized forces.

Who was involved in the Battle of El Alamein?

The First Battle of El Alamein (1–27 July 1942) was a battle of the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War, fought in Egypt between Axis forces (Germany and Italy) of the Panzer Army Africa ( Panzerarmee Afrika) (which included the Afrika Korps under Field Marshal ( Generalfeldmarschall) Erwin Rommel) and Allied

Where was the Axis base at El Alamein?

Axis positions near El Alamein, only 66 mi (106 km) from Alexandria, were dangerously close to the ports and cities of Egypt, the base facilities of the Commonwealth forces and the Suez Canal. However, the Axis forces were too far from their base at Tripoli in Libya to remain at El Alamein indefinitely,…

How did Claude Auchinleck win the Battle of El Alamein?

General Claude Auchinleck withdrew the Eighth Army to within 80 km (50 mi) of Alexandria where the Qattara Depression was 64 km (40 mi) south of El Alamein on the coast. The depression was impassable and meant that any attack had to be frontal; Axis attacks in the First Battle of El Alamein (1–27 July) were defeated.

Where was Afrika Korps in the Battle of El Alamein?

Rommel’s Afrika Korps was now in Egypt, in El Alamein, only 60 miles west of the British naval base in Alexandria. The Axis powers smelled blood.