Who was the 18th century English philosopher who theorized that the right to rule came from the consent of the governed?

Who was the 18th century English philosopher who theorized that the right to rule came from the consent of the governed?

John Locke
For example, John Locke, an eighteenth-century English philosopher, theorized that the right to rule came from the “consent of the governed.” Montesquieu wrote with admiration about three “branches” of government that checked one another’s power.

On which of the following does democracy place its highest value?

Upon what individual freedoms does democracy place its highest values? The rights of the individual and the commitment to freedom for the individual, hence the “free enterprise system”, or the free exchange of ideas.

Which of the steps toward democratic government are similar to US practices explain?

The steps towards a democratic government that are similar to US practices are: The principles of common law are used as a basis for laws in the US, Formation of the parliament, The Magna Carta (1215) guaranteed some basic rights to the citizens and held even the king accountable to the law.

Was France the first democracy?

The Independence of Culture (1799 to present) France and the United States are rightly considered the birth places of modern democracy. To date, it has proven a robust, prosperous and stable democracy. The United States has not faced the threat of military invasion since the early nineteenth century.

What were the two goals of English kings?

Over the next centuries, English kings tried to achieve two goals. First, they wanted to hold and add to their French lands. Second, they wanted to strengthen their own power over the nobles and the Church.

How did the French Revolution shape the foundation of democracy?

The French Revolution did this largely through its rhetoric. It is often the case that the rhetoric of a revolution can have more of an impact in the long term than the revolution itself has in the short term. In the short term, the revolution did get rid of the monarchy and the aristocracy, but it did not lead to a democracy.

When did the term representative democracy come into use?

The term “representative democracy” came into being in the 1790s. [3] Just a year after Robert’s statement, Maximilien Robespierre himself declared that the Revolution should aim to establish “a democratic or republican government; these two words are synonyms.”

Why was France not a democracy in 1793?

[1] Jacobin Deputy Pierre-François-Joseph Robert made this claim in early 1793, amidst debate over whether the National Convention should hold a popular referendum on the judgment of King Louis XVI. Indeed, France was not a democracy by eighteenth century standards, it was something different: a representative regime.

Where was democracy in the age of revolutions?

Re-imagining Democracy in the Age of Revolutions: America, France, Britain, and Ireland, 1750-1850. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. Friedland, Paul. Political Actors: Representative Bodies & Theatricality in the Age of the French Revolution.