Table of Contents
Why did the Zapatistas declare war?
The catalyst for the EZLN’s decision to revolt was the 1991 revision of Article 27 in Mexico’s 1917 revolutionary constitution. Under Article 27, Native communal landholdings or ejidos were protected from sale or privatization. EZLN declared war on the Mexican state on January 1, 1994 to protest NAFTA’s implementation.
Why are they called Zapatistas?
The group takes its name from Emiliano Zapata, the agrarian revolutionary and commander of the Liberation Army of the South during the Mexican Revolution, and sees itself as his ideological heir. Nearly all EZLN villages contain murals with images of Zapata, Ernesto “Che” Guevara, and Subcomandante Marcos.
What was the role of the Zapatistas in Mexico?
The EZLN led an uprising on January 1, 1994 to address the Mexican government’s indifference to the poverty and marginalization of indigenous communities. The Zapatistas have inspired many other anti-globalization and anti-capitalist movements around the world.
How did the Zapatista Army of National Liberation get its name?
Zapatista Army of National Liberation. The group takes its name from Emiliano Zapata, the agrarian reformer and commander of the Liberation Army of the South during the Mexican Revolution, and sees itself as his ideological heir. Nearly all EZLN villages contain murals with images of Zapata, Ernesto “Che” Guevara,…
When was the 25th anniversary of the Zapatistas?
(Photo by Tim Russo) J anuary 1, 2019 marked 25 years since the Zapatistas captured the world’s imagination with their brief but audacious uprising to demand justice and democracy for Indigenous peasants in southern Mexico.
Who is the spokesperson for the Zapatista Army?
The EZLN’s main spokesperson is Subcomandante Insurgente Galeano, previously known as Subcomandante Marcos (a.k.a. Compañero Galeano and Delegate Zero in relation to ” the Other Campaign “). Unlike other Zapatista spokespeople, Marcos is not an indigenous Maya.